Amantadine for dogs: Usage, Side Effects.

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Amantadine for dogs

Managing chronic pain is an essential factor for serious conditions. This is where amantadine comes in, as most health experts have deemed it a reasonable medication for your dog.

What is Amantadine?

Amantadine is used to treat Parkinson’s disease and its symptoms. It’s also used to alleviate mobility issues and muscle control, as well as inhibiting and treating illness caused by influenza (flu). However, it has a different applications for dogs. 

In regards to our pets, Amantadine is an oral NMDA receptor used to address agonizing and consistent pain management. These are typically related to neuropathy, chronic diseases, de-claw surgery, cancer, arthritis, and so on. 

Though it is not usually prescribed to treat pain in dogs, it helps ease pain by dampening sensitivity to pain in the central nervous system. 

Provocation of the NMDA receptor triggers pain, and disabling that receptor would be essential in managing persistent pain.

How amantadine given to Dogs

Taking amantadine in itself is typically counterproductive for pain; hence, veterinarians usually prescribe amantadine along with other pain relievers like tramadol, NSAIDs, and gabapentin.

How is amantadine given?

Amantadine is administered orally in liquid form, tablet, or capsule. It is given with a dosage of 3 to 5 mg/kg, once or twice per day for your pets. It is available in a 10 mg/ml liquid form and 100 mg capsules. Evidence from the latest research shows that two-times-a-day dosing is seemingly more potent than the usual once-per-day dosing in dogs. 

It can be given with or without food; however, if your dog vomits after taking the medicine on an empty stomach, try giving it along with a treat or with a tiny amount of food. 

It is often effective as a pulsed therapy, administering it two weeks continuously and after that, 1 to 2 weeks periodically. This can lessen medication costs and mitigate some of the dog’s symptoms.

Administer with caution and lower dosage in dogs with epilepsy, congestive heart failure, and kidney or liver disease. A longer tenor may be required, and several cases may demand amantadine permanently.

Side Effects

Side effects are rare, though might range from diarrhea/loose stools, slight lethargy, flatulence, and anxiety. This is especially true when your dog is just starting the amantadine treatment. 

You don’t need to be extremely worried if you notice some of these symptoms; they are likely to disappear as the dog acclimates to the drug.

Side effects that hint at a more serious condition include:

  • Fever
  • Fainting (collapsing)
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shaking
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Peripheral Oedema 

If you observe any of these symptoms, call your vet as soon as possible.

Side Effects of Amantadine on Dogs

Risk Factors

Risk factors in dogs are unheard of or not proven. According to the details for treatment of this medicine in humans, refrain from administering this drug in pets that have untreated glaucoma or dogs that are allergic to it. Exercise caution in dogs with convulsions, atopic dermatitis, congestive heart failure, and kidney or liver dysfunction. This treatment must be given with utmost caution when it comes to pregnant or nursing dogs.

How long does it take for amantadine to work in dogs?

It may take about 21 days to notice positive results. Hence, at first, your vet will need to tend to your dog for at least three weeks. Treatment may be cut short or extended depending on your dog’s reaction. 

What if I miss giving my pet the medication?

It’s entirely okay. If you fail to give medicine at the scheduled time, give it as soon as you can. However, offer it at the next scheduled dose if it is almost time for his next intake. After this, you can continue with the normal medication program.

Just don’t give two drugs, 8 hours apart. Additionally, avoid giving your dog teo different types of medication simultaneously.

While the research is not extensive, experts recommend their use for chronic pain management in dogs. Your dog will be able to adequately manage chronic pain, provided the administration, dosage, frequency, and treatment duration are accurate.

Follow the guidelines and orders correctly as instructed by your veterinarian.

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